Thursday, November 15, 2007

ISAC - XXIV International Congress

The next congress of ISAC - International Society for Analytical Cytology will be held next May (17th to 21st) in Budapest. It is with great pleasure that we announce that a tutorial session and two workshops focused on plant flow cytometry were approved for presentation.

Scientific tutorial: Estimation of genome size in plants using flow cytometry
Tutors: Jan Suda, João Loureiro and Johann Greilhuber
Abstract: The last two decades have seen a significant increase in the use of flow cytometry for estimation of genome size in plants (either in absolute terms or in relative units, as an indicator of ploidy level), with the data being successfully utilized in various fields of plant sciences, including biosystematics, ecology, evolutionary biology and biotechnology. This tutorial will focus primarily on the biological significance of genome size variation in plants and on the methodological approaches used to analyse the nuclear DNA content of cells. A set of best practice rules will be presented, and special attention will be given to the strategies that may be employed to investigate recalcitrant plant material. The practical session will include basic protocols using several different isolation buffers and DNA-selective fluorochromes for staining intact plant nuclei. The effect of chemical additives (antioxidants, preservatives) on the quality of histograms will be demonstrated. The tutorial is aimed at newcomers in plant flow cytometry as well as at workers in other fields interested in learning more about specific features of plant material.

Workshop: The impact of flow cytometry on plant evolutionary biology, biosystematics and ecology
Organizers: Brian Husband and Jan Suda
Abstract: Since the 1980s, use of flow cytometry (FCM) in plant population and evolutionary biology, biosystematics, and ecology has expanded dramatically both in scope and frequency. With its ability to collect several quantitative parameters, simultaneously, for large numbers of particles, FCM is widening the diversity of attributes that can be explored on a population scale and the taxonomic, spatial, and temporal scope of these investigations. As a result, the technique has enabled large-scale comparative analyses of genome size evolution, taxonomic identification and delineation, and is advancing new research programs in polyploid evolution and reproductive biology. In combination with other methodological approaches, FCM promises qualitative advances in our understanding of genome multiplication and the population biology of vascular plants. Workshop facilitators will introduce some of the recent developments, problems and applications of FCM in plant population biology, biosystematics and evolution, and then lead a discussion on some or all topics. Two themes that will recur throughout these discussions are: (i) novel applications of flow cytometry as a result of the higher sample throughput and larger sample sizes possible compared to traditional methods; and (ii) the potential benefits of combining FCM with other, notably molecular, techniques.

Workshop: Plant genome structure and gene expression
Organizers: Jaroslav Dolezel and David Galbraith
Abstract: This 90 min workshop will comprise invited talks and talks selected from submitted abstracts. The talks will focus on the most advanced applications of flow cytometry in plants, with an emphasis on the analysis of plant genome structure and function. This includes, but is not restricted to, chromosome sorting for physical genome mapping and gene cloning, and global analysis of gene expression in specific cell types. This workshop is intended to attract a broad range of audience members, ranging from PhD students to senior researchers. To our knowledge, this will be the first scientific workshop at an international conference entirely devoted to advanced applications of flow cytometry in plants that focus on plant genome structure and function.

As soon as we know further details, we will update this post. So check regularly for updates.

Monday, November 12, 2007

New book - Protocols for Micropropagation of Woody Trees and Fruits

A book on the micropropagation of woody trees and fruits has just been published by Springer Netherlands. Congratulations to the editors Mohan Jain S and Häggman H, for the nice collection of protocols. Flow cytometry was not forgotten and it was used in several protocols as an important tool to analyse the genetic fidelity of the obtained plants.

Below is the list of chapters where flow cytometry was employed:

S. Korban and I. Sul. Micropropagation of Coast Redwood (Sequoia sempervirens). pp. 23-32

C. Santos, J. Loureiro, T. Lopes and G. Pinto. Genetic Fidelity Analyses of In Vitro Propagated Cork Oak (Quercus suber L.). pp. 67-83

B. Pintos, J. Manzanera and M. Bueno. Protocol for Doubled-Haploid Micropropagation in Quercus suber L. and Assisted Verification. pp. 163-178

S. Murch, D. Ragone, W. Shi, A. Alan and P. Saxena. In vitro conservation and Micropropagation of Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis, Moracea). pp. 279-288

M. Ostrolucká, A. Gajdošová, G. Libiaková, K. Hrubíková and M. Bežo. Protocol for Micropropagation of Selected Vaccinium spp. pp. 445-455

M. Ostrolucká, A. Gajdošová, G. Libiaková and E. Ondrušková. Protocol for Micropropagation of Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. pp. 457-464

J. Al-Khayri. Date Palm Phoenix dactylifera L. Micropropagation. pp. 509-526

List of recently published papers on plant flow cytometry - October

After some silent period, we have decided to open a new monthly section where the recently published papers will be listed. This list corresponds to the manuscripts published on the month of October.

Kron P, Suda J, Husband BC. Applications of Flow Cytometry to Evolutionary and Population Biology. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 38 (online)

Greilhuber J. Cytochemistry and C-values: The Less-well-known World of Nuclear DNA Amounts. Annals of Botany (online) (From the forthcoming special issue Plant Genome Horizons).

Technical report:
Roberts AV. The use of bead beating to prepare suspensions of nuclei for flow cytometry from fresh leaves, herbarium leaves, petals and pollen. Cytometry (online).

Genome size:
Loureiro J, Kopecky D, Castro S, Santos C, Silveira P. Flow cytometric and cytogenetic analyses of Iberian Peninsula Festuca spp. Plant Systematics and Evolution (2007) 269:89–105

Suda J, Krahulcová A, Trávnícek P, Rosenbaumová R, Peckert T, Krahulec F. Genome Size Variation and Species Relationships in Hieracium Sub-genus Pilosella (Asteraceae) as Inferred by Flow Cytometry. Annals of Botany (2007) 100:1323–1335

Eilam T, Anikster Y, Millet E, Manisterski J, Sagi-Assif O, Feldman M. Genome size and genome evolution in diploid Triticeae species. Genome (2007) 50:1029-1037

Ploidy level:
Gillis K, Gielis J, Peeters H, Dhooghe E, Oprins J. Somatic embryogenesis from mature Bambusa balcooa Roxburgh as basis for mass production of elite forestry bamboos. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (2007) 91:115–123

Bidani A, Nouri-Ellouz O, Lakhoua L, Sihachakr D, Cheniclet C, Mahjoub A, Drira N, Gargouri-Bouzid R. Interspecific potato somatic hybrids between Solanum berthaultii and Solanum tuberosum L. showed recombinant plastome and improved tolerance to salinity. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (2007) 91:179–189

Soriano M, Cistué L, Vallés MP, Castillo AM. Effects of colchicine on anther and microspore culture of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (2007) 91:225–234

Fiuk A, Rybczynski JJ. The effect of several factors on somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in protoplast cultures of Gentiana kurroo (Royle). Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture (2007) 91:263–271

Coelho CM, Wu S, Li Y, Hunter B, Dante RA, Cui Y, Wu R, Larkins BA. Identification of quantitative trait loci that affect endoreduplication in maize endosperm. Theoretical and Applied Genetics (2007) 115:1147–1162

Sharma SK, Bryan GJ, WinWeld MO, Millam S. Stability of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) plants regenerated via somatic embryos, axillary bud proliferated shoots, microtubers and true potato seeds: a comparative phenotypic, cytogenetic and molecular assessment. Planta (2007) 226:1449–1458

Fras A, Juchimiuk J, Siwinska D, Maluszynska J. Cytological events in explants of Arabidopsis thaliana during early callogenesis. Plant Cell Rep (2007) 26:1933–1939

Allum JF, Bringloe DH, Roberts AV. Chromosome doubling in a Rosa rugosa Thunb. hybrid by exposure of in vitro nodes to oryzalin: the effects of node length, oryzalin concentration and exposure time. Plant Cell Reports (2007) 26:1977–1984

Fatta Del Bosco S, Siragusa M, Abbate L, Lucretti S, Tusa N. Production and characterization of new triploid seedless progenies for mandarin improvement. Scientia Horticulturae (2007) 114:258–262

Functional Plant FCM:
Yang J, Ma L, Zhang Y, Fang F, Li L. Flow cytometric identification of two diffeent rhodamine-123-stained mitochondrial populations in maize leaves. Protoplasma (2007) 231:249-252.

If there is any recent paper missing, please post its link in the comments that we will update this post accordingly. Once again, your contribution is very important.